A study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has found most e-scooter injuries occur on pavements, with riders citing potholes and signposts as the most common reasons for accidents.
Researchers from the institute interviewed 103 e-scooter riders who sought care at Washington, D.C.’s George Washington University Hospital over eight months in 2019, and found 58 percent had been injured riding on the pavement – with 40 percent of those surveyed injured while taking their first ride.
Just 13 percent of riders surveyed said they were injured in a collision with a car, truck or bus.
Jessica Cicchino, IIHS Vice President for Research and lead author of the study, said: “We didn’t see many e-scooter crashes with motor vehicles, and that may be a result of riders sticking mostly to the sidewalk – on the other hand, there are legitimate concerns that sidewalk riders could crash into pedestrians.”
“The picture is still not clear when it comes to where scooters should be ridden,” she added. “Our results suggest that moving scooters off the sidewalk could put riders at risk of more severe injuries, but as things stand they might be suffering these lesser injuries more often.”
On Tuesday, Washington’s D.C. Council gave final approval to a bill establishing new rules and restrictions on companies that rent out scooters and other shared electric mobility devices.
Among the notable provisions, the bill will:
- Require devices to be locked to racks or other objects while maintaining at least three feet (one metre) of unobstructed walkway.
- Create a US$150 fine for riding under the influence of alcohol or drugs and a US$125 penalty for tampering with the vehicles.
- Require companies to maintain a 24-hour hotline to report complaints and free virtual education classes on riding safely.
- Ban scooters within 300 feet (90 metres) of an elementary school, middle school or senior wellness centre, unless it is near a metro station.
Some US cities, including Denver and San Antonio, have banned e-scooters from pavements completely, while many others have introduced curbs on their use.
While e-scooter schemes stalled as the pandemic began, many cities have seen an uptick in interest from commuters looking for socially distanced modes of travel.
But many cities have struggled to incorporate the devices into their mobility ecosystem, with some implementing outright bans.
The Danish capital Copenhagen is set to ban rental e-scooters from its city centre from 1 January 2021, saying the measure is primarily out of consideration for senior citizens using pavements and public spaces.
E-scooter trials in the UK, which were only legalised in July, have also come under heavy scrutiny, with one local authority suspending its programme within days of its launch after users were seen mounting pavements and almost hitting pedestrians.
Image: Mack Male (Flickr)